From Genome Research: Pathogen demonstrates genome flexibility in cystic fibrosis

Chronic lung infections can be devastating for patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), and infection by Burkholderia cenocepacia, one of the most common species found in cystic fibrosis patients, is often antibiotic resistant. In a study published today in Genome Research, scientists sequenced and phenotyped multiple B. cenocepacia isolates from 16 CF patients. They found extensive variation among isolates during chronic lung infection as well as changes in clinically relevant bacterial phenotypes.

New study: Pre-pregnancy BMI directly linked to excess pregnancy weight gain

It's well known that excessive weight gain during pregnancy can have a lasting negative impact on the health of a mother and her baby.A new University of Michigan-led study finds that for young mothers (women who gave birth between the ages of 15 and 24), pre-pregnancy body mass index, or BMI, and ethnicity might signal a likelihood for obesity later in life.

Satnavs ‘switch off’ parts of the brain

Using a satnav to get to your destination 'switches off' parts of the brain that would otherwise be used to simulate different routes, reveals new UCL research. The study, published in Nature Communications and funded by Wellcome, involved 24 volunteers navigating a simulation of Soho in central London while undergoing brain scans.

SIB accelerates the fight against diabetes with several pan-European projects

Recent advances in the fight against type 2 diabetes (T2D) result from a pan-European collaborative project, called IMIDIA, in which the SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics is closely involved since 2010. SIB was in charge of both coordinating the large amount of patients' data (acting as Data Coordination Centre, DCC) as well as analysing the data to find biomarkers for early detection of the disease.

Does the universe have a rest frame?

Physics is sometimes closer to philosophy when it comes to understanding the universe. Donald Chang from Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, China, attempts to elucidate whether the universe has a resting frame. The results have recently been published in EPJ Plus.